UK Energy Statistics Index

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DUKES: Digest of UK Energy Statistics (UK Gov Dept of Energy and Climate Change)

The Digest, sometimes known as DUKES, is an essential source of energy information. It contains:

  • extensive tables, charts and commentary
  • separate sections on coal, petroleum, gas, electricity, renewables and combined heat and power
  • a comprehensive picture of energy production and use over the last five years, with key series taken back to 1970.


  1. Digest of United Kingdom energy statistics (DUKES)
  2. Digest of United Kingdom energy statistics internet content
  3. Statistical press release: Digest of UK energy statistics 2014
  4. Energy: chapter 1, Digest of United Kingdom energy statistics (DUKES)
  5. Solid fuels and derived gases: chapter 2, Digest of United Kingdom energy statistics (DUKES)
  6. Petroleum: chapter 3, Digest of United Kingdom energy statistics (DUKES)
  7. Natural gas: chapter 4, Digest of United Kingdom energy statistics (DUKES)
  8. Electricity: chapter 5, Digest of United Kingdom energy statistics (DUKES)
  9. Renewable sources of energy: chapter 6, Digest of United Kingdom energy statistics (DUKES)
  10. Combined heat and power: chapter 7, Digest of United Kingdom energy statistics (DUKES)

Statistics at DECC

DECC publishes National and Official statistics covering energy, climate change, energy efficiency, fuel poverty and related areas, which are produced in accordance with the statutory and other arrangements described in the guide to national and official statistics.

  • Emissions and Climate Change statistics cover annual and sub national data on greenhouse gas emissions as well as quarterly data based on changes in CO2 emissions, and links to other Climate Change data.
  • Energy Sector statistics cover annual, quarterly and monthly data for the key forms of energy, coal, oil, gas, electricity and renewables covering production, trade and use. The annual data are the most comprehensive, whilst monthly data provide timely data based on fewer variables.
  • Energy Price statistics cover annual, quarterly, monthly and weekly data on prices to households and business, the cost of motor fuels and international comparisons
  • Energy Efficiency statistics cover the monitoring of some of DECC’s key policies such as Green Deal and Smart Meters, as well as our innovative National Energy Efficiency Data-framework (NEED) which is key in understanding more about energy use
  • Sub-national energy consumption statistics covers a wide range of data on energy use at all levels from local authority to lower level super output area. These data are drawn from analysis of all meters or modelled for non-metered fuels and should be used for sub national analysis, not national totals.
  • Fuel Poverty statistics cover data on fuel poverty in England at national and local authority levels.
  • Energy statistics publications and press notices cover the statistical publications produced by DECC such as DUKES (Digest of UK Energy Statistics), ECUK (Energy Consumption in the UK) and Energy Trends. Key compendium publications are UK Energy in Brief and UK Energy Sector Indicators, both of which give a wide overview of all DECC statistics.

Energy Efficiency Statistics

Sub-national Energy Consumption Statistics

Earth: The Climate Wars (BBC 2008, Dr Iain Stewart) – Notes

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Earth: The Climate Wars (3 Parts, 3Hrs, BBC 2008, Dr Iain Stewart, U of Plymouth, UK)

Part 1: Battle Begins

  • Global Cooling in 1950s & 60s caused by Aerosol Particulate Pollution
  • Warming in 1970s, CO2 Effect Dominates, Particulate Pollution Laws
  • CO2 Candle Heat Absorption Experiment [22:00]
  • USA org JASON elite scientist group, Report 1979 predicts Global Warming [24:00]
  • Reagan commissions Nierenberg Report which diminishes GW predictions [26:00]
  • Greenland research USA Military City under the ice 1960s [40:00]
  • Ice samples used to determine past climate conditions.
  • Past climate changed dramatically, often & quickly. Theory of Rapid CC. [46:00]
  • Aerosols CFCs linked to Ozone depletion in upper atmosphere, discovered 1980s. [48:00]
  • Illustrates that human behaviour can affect the atmosphere in a short timescale. [50:00]
  • NASA James Hansen congressional testimony on Global Warming in 1988. [52:00]
  • Global Warming now an observation and not a mere prediction.
  • UNFCCC is formed and Thatcher speaks on dangers of GW [56:00]
  • 1990s backlash from business and politicians.

Part 2: Fightback

  • Climate Change skeptics.
  • Rio Earth Summit 1992 – Climate Change Convention [3:00].
  • Global temperature measurement. [9:00]
  • Record high temperatures through 80s & 90s.
  • Satellite measurements – Microwave Radiation.
  • NASA Earth Observation Satellite [14:00]
  • Satellite Data in 1990s showed slight cooling for 10 years. [14:00]
  • 1990 Documentary – The Greenhouse Conspiracy
  • Urban Heat Island Effect, concrete and roads trap heat. [19:00]
  • Natural phenomenon indicating warming. Ice melt.
  • Faulty satellite data – friction causing positional change. [23:00]
  • Manmade or Natural warming? [25:00]
  • Past temperature warmer? Greenland named in 1000AD, Erik the Red. [26:00]
  • Medieval Warm Period.
  • Michael Mann Penn State, Tree records West USA 2-4k years old. [30:00]
  • Climate temperature proxies. Trees, corals, ancient snow pack.
  • Hockey stick Graph. Symbol of manmade climate change.
  • No sign of Medieval Warm period in graph.
  • High temp of end of 20th century is unprecedented over past 1000 years. [39:00]
  • Sun activity, sun spots, argued by sceptics as main driver of climate change. [41:00]
  • Record show low activity in 1600s coincident with the Little Ice Age.
  • The Great Global Warming Swindle documentary, 2007 [46:00]
  • Oil and Automotive business forms The Global Climate Coalition in 1990s. [49:00]
  • 2003 US Republican Government document reveals plan to cover up the science.

Part 3: Fight for the Future

  • Global Warming is happening.
  • What are the predicted consequences?
  • Simplified lab experimentation.
  • Climate modelling using computers. [8:00]
  • Complexity of climate data overwhelmed early computers.
  • Modelling effect of CO2 concentrations on temperature.
  • Doubling of CO2 increases temperature by 3 degrees.
  • 1991 volcanic eruption sends gas and particles into atmosphere. [14:00]
  • NASA Hansen models predict volcano effects accurately.
  • Poles warm more than equator.
  • Field research in Antarctica works in tandem with computer modelling. [20:00]
  • Rapid melting of ice sheets and glaciers confirms warming.
  • Potential for significant sea level rise.
  • Field data and observations fed into computer models to improve accuracy.
  • 1961 Lorenz model illustrate sensitivity of rounding of numbers. Butterfly Effect – Chaos Theory.
  • Data from multiple runs of climate models converge to form prediction.
  • Variance in insect record indicator of changing climate conditions. [30:00]
  • Ice core analysis examines the Younger Dryas period or Big Freeze, a geologically brief (1,300 ± 70 years) period of cold climatic conditions and drought which occurred between approximately 12,000 years ago. [33:00]
  • A 5 degree transition, ice age to warm in 1 year.
  • Such an unprecedented change for modern civilisation would have large impacts on food production and fresh water supply.
  • Arctic spring is happening a month early in Greenland.
  • Sea ice thickness has been reducing (40%) over past 30 years. [43:00]
  • Anasazi civilisation (South-Western USA) evidence of catastrophic climate change and conflict 700 years ago. [47:00]
  • Tim Barnett (U of San Diego) predicts Lake Mead (Hoover Dam) water supply becomes ineffective by 2020 in BAU scenario. [54:00]
  • Climate scientists are fearful of GW consequences.